List of Abreviations


A.A.C.T.E. American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education

A.A. Associate of Arts

A.A.S. Associate in Applied Science

A.C.C.A. Associate of Certified & Corporate Accountants

A.C.A. Associate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants

A.C.G.I. Associate City & Guilds Institute

A.C.I.I Associate of Chartered Insurance Institute

A.C.I.S. Associate of the Chartered Institute of Secretaries

A.C.M.A. Associate of the Institute of Cost and Management Accountants

A.D.B. Associate of the Drama Board

A.D.C. Agricultural Development Corporation; Aide de Camp

A.F.C. Air Force Cross

a.i. ad interim

A.I.A. Association of International Accountants; American Institute of Architects

A.I.B. Associate of the Institute of Bankers

A.I.B.G.A. All Island Banana Growers Association

A.I.E. Associate of the Institute of Education

A.I.E.S.E.C International Association of Students of Economic & Commercial Sciences

A.I.M.E. American Institute of Mining ana Metallurgical Engineers

A.I.T. Associate Institute of Taxation

A.L.B.C. Associate of the London Bible College

A.M. Associate in Music

A.M.I.C.A. Associate Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants

A.M.I.Ex. Associate Member of the Institute of Exporters

A.M.I.Mech.E. Associate Member of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers

A.M.I.S. Associate Member of the Institute of Statistics

A.Mus.A. Associate in Music Australia

A.P.A. American Planning Association

A.P.R. Associate in Public Relations

A.R.C.M. Associate of the Royal College of Music

A.R.I.C.S. Associate of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors

A.R.V.A. Associate Incorporated Rating & Valuation Officers

A.Sc. Associate in Science

A.S.E. Associate of the Society of Engineers

A.T.C. Associate of Trinity College


B.A. Bachelor of Arts

B.A.A. Bachelor of Applied Arts

B.Arch. Bachelor of Architecture

B.A.Sc. Bachelor of Applied Science

B.B.A. Bachelor of Business Administration

B.B.S. Bachelor of Business Science

B.Ch.D. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (UK)

B.C.E.L. British Commonwealth Ex-Servicemen’s League

B.C.E. Bachelor of Civil Engineering

B.Comm. Bachelor of Commerce

B.C.L. Bachelor of Civil Law

B.D. Bachelor of Divinity

B.D.S. Bachelor of Dental Surgery

B.Ed. Bachelor of Education

B.F.A. Bachelor of Fine Arts

B.H.S.I. British Horse Society Instructress

B.I.T.U. Bustamante Industrial Trade Union

B.Matt. Bachelor of Mathematics

B.Pharm. Bachelor of Pharmacology

B.Phil. Bachelor of Philosophy

B.R.E. Bachelor of Religious Education

B.S. Bachelor of Surgery

B.S.A. Bachelor of Science in Agriculture

B.Sc. Bachelor of Science

B.Sc.M.E. Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering

B.Sc.N./B.S.N. Bachelor of Science in Nursing

B.Sc.Pharm Bachelor of Science in Pharmacology

B.T. Boys’ Town

B.Th. Bachelor of Theology

B. Vet. Med. Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine

B.V.Sc. Bachelor of Veterinary Science


C.A. Chartered Accountant

C.A.A.S. Centre for African and African American Studies

C.A.C Central American and Caribbean

C.A.C.A. Central American and Caribbean Association

CADEC Christian Action for Development in the Caribbean

CAREBACO Caribbean Regional Badminton Corporation

CARIFESTA Caribbean Festival of Arts

CARSEA Caribbean Society of Educational Administrators

C.A.S.T. College of Arts, Science and Technology

C.B.E. Commander of the Order of the British Empire

C.C.C. Caribbean Conference of Churches

C.E. Civil Engineering

C.D. Commander of the Order of Distinction

C.Eng. Chartered Engineer

C.F.N.I. Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute

C.L.U. Chartered Life Underwriter

C. Mfg.E. Certified Manufacturing Engineer

C.M.G. Companion of the Order of St. Michael & St. George

C.O.N.C.A.C.A.F. Confederation of North CentralAmerican Caribbean Associations of Football

C.P.A Commonwealth Parliamentary Association/Certified Public Accountant

C.P.B.A. Caribbean Publishing & Broadcasting Association

C.R.A. Certified Review Appraiser

C.T.C. Cultural Training Centre

C.V.O. Commander of the Royal Victorian Order

C.V.S.S. Council of Voluntary Social Services


D.A. Diploma in Art/Diploma in Anesthesia/Diploma in Architecture

D.A.S.E. Diploma in Advanced Studies in Education

D.B.A. Diploma in Business Administration

D.C.H. Diploma in Child Health

D.D. Doctor of Divinity

D.D.G.M. Deputy District Grand Master

D.D.S. Doctor of Dental Surgery

dec’d deceased

D.G.C. District Grand Chapter

D.G.L. District Grand Lodge

D.G.O. Diploma in Gynaecology & Obstetrics

D.G.R. District Grand Registrar

D.I.C. Diploma of the Imperial College (London)

D.I.C.T.A. Diploma of the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture

Dip. Agri. Diploma in Agriculture

Dip. Arch. Diploma in Architecture

D.J.S.M. Diploma Jamaica School of Music

Dip. Art Diploma in Art

Dip. Bact. Diploma in Bacteriology

Dip. Ed. Diploma in Education

Dip. Bldg.Sc. Diploma in Building Science

Dip. E.E. Diploma in Electrical Engineering

Dip.Env.StudiesDiploma in Environmental Studies

Dip. Inst. Ad. Diploma in Institutional Administration

Dip. Mgnt Diploma in Management

Dip. Mass. Comm. Diploma in Mass Communication

D. Min. Doctor of Ministry

Dip. M.S. Diploma in Ministerial Studies/Diploma in Management Studies

Dip. M.T. Midwifery Tutors Diploma

Dip. Pharm. Diploma in Pharmacology

Dip. R.A.D.A. Diploma Royal Academy of Dramatic


Dip S.M. Diploma in Safety Management

Dip. Tech. Diploma in Technology

Dip. th. Diploma in Theology

Dip. T.D. Diploma in Tropical Diseases

Dip. T.P. Diploma in Town Planning

D.M.A. Diploma in Municipal Administration

D.M. Psych. Doctor of Medicine in Psychiatry

D.M.R.D. Diploma in Medical Radio Diagnosis

D.M.R.T. Diploma in Medical Radiation Therapy

D.M.S. Diploma in Management Studies

D. Obst. Doctor of Obstetrics

D.Opt. Doctor of Optometry

D.P.A. Diploma in Public Administration

D.P.M. Diploma in Psychological Medicine

D. Litt Doctor of Literature/Letters

D.T.C.D Diploma in Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases

D.T.E. Diploma in Teacher Education

D.T.V.M. Diploma in Tropical Veterinary Medicine

D.T.M.H. Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Health


E.C.L.O.F. Ecumenical Church Loan fund

E.D. Efficiency Decoration

Ed. D. Doctor of Education

EXED Excelsior Education Centre


F.A.A.I. Fellow of the Administrative Accounting Institute

F.A.A.P. Fellow of the American Association of Paediatrics

F.A.C.C. Fellow of the Association of Consultant Cardiologists

FA.C.C.A. Fellow of the Association of Certified and Chartered Accountants

F.A.C.O.G. Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

F.A.C.P. Fellow of the American College of Physicians

F.A.C.S. Fellow of the American of College Surgeons

F.A.I.A. Fellow of the American Institute ofAccountants/Fellow of the American Institute of Architects

F.A.P.H.A Fellow of American Public Health Association

F.B.A.A. Fellow of the British Association of Accountants and Auditors

F.B.I.M. Fellow British Institute of Management

F.C.A. Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants

F.C.I.Arb. Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators

F.C.I.C.A. Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Certified Accountants

F.C.I.I. Fellow of the Chartered Insurance Institute

F.C.I.S. Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Secretaries

F.C.M.A. Fellow of the Institute of Cost and Management Accountants

F.C.Path. Fellow of Clinical Pathologists

F.D.S.R.C.S. Fellow in Dental Surgery Royal College

of Surgeons

F.E.A.S. Fellow of the English Association of Secretaries

F.E.D.I. Fellow of the Economic Development Institute

F.F.A.R.C.S.I. Fellow of the Royal Faculty of Anaesthetics and

Royal College of Surgeons, Ireland

F.FC.M. Fellow of the Faculty of Community Medicine (Royal College of Physicians)

F.I.A. Fellow of the Institute of Accountants

F.I.Arb. Fellow of the Institute of Arbitrators

F.I.B. Fellow of the Institute of Bankers

F.I.B.A. Fellow of the International Bankers Association

F.I.C.A. Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants

F.I.C.B. Fellow of the Institute of Canadian Bankers

F.I.C.S. Fellow of the International College of Surgeons/Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers

F.Inst.D/F.I.D.Fellow of the Institute of Directors

F.I.I.C. Fellow of the Insurance Institute of Canada

F.I.I.M. Fellow of the Insurance of Industrial Managers

F.I.R.F. Fellow International Road Federation

F.I.S.H. Foundation for International Self Help

F.J.I.E. Fellow of the Jamaica Institute of Engineers

F.R.Econ.S. Fellow of the Royal Economic Society

F.R.I.B.A. Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects

F.R.I.C.S. Fellow of the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors

F.R.S.M. Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine

F.R.S.S. Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society

F.R.S.A. Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts

F.R.S.I. Fellow of the Royal Sanitary Institute

F.R.S.T.M.H. Fellow of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

F.S.A. Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London

F.T.C.L. Fellow of Trinity College Music, London

F.T.C.M. Fellow Trinity College of Music

F.I.E.E. Fellow of the Institute of Electrical Engineers

F.Inst.B. Fellow of the Institute of Bookkeepers

F.I.Q.S. Fellow of the Institute of Quantity Surveyors

F.J.I.M. Fellow of the Jamaican Institute ofManagement

F.J.I.Q.S. Fellow of the Jamaican Institute of Quantity Surveyors

F.L.A. Fellow of the Library Association

F.L.M.I. Fellow of the Life Management Institute

F.P.S. Fellow of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

F.R.C.O.G. Fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologist

F.R.C.P. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians

F.R.C.S. Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons


G.C.M.G. Grand Cross of St. Michael & St. George

G.C.V.O. Grand Cross of the Victorian Order

G.R.S.M. Graduate Royal School of Music


H.N.D. Higher National Diploma


I.B.F. International Boxing Federation

i/c in charge of

I.C.A.J. Institute of Chartered Accountants of Jamaica

I.C.S.I.D.International Centre for Settlement of Industrial Disputes

I.C.W.I. Insurance Company of the West Indies

I.D.C. Imperial Defence College

I.F.M.B.L. Investment & Finance Merchant Bankers Limited

I.L.A.M. Incorporated London Academy

of Music

I.L.O. International Labour Organizations

I.O.C.U. International Organization of Consumers Unions

I.S.A.I.T. International Society for the Advancement of IntermediateTechnology

I.S..C.O.T. International Society of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery (French)

I.S.E.R. Institute of Social and Economic Research

I.U.O.M. Independent United Order of Mechanics

I.Y.D.P. International Year of the Disabled Person


Ja. Jamaica

J.A.A.A. Jamaica Amateur Athletic Association

J.A.B.B.A. Jamaica Amateur Body Building Association

J.A.D.C.O. Jamaica Attractions Development Company

J.A.E. Jamaica Association of Evangelicals

JAMAL Jamaican Movement for the Advancement of Literacy

J.A.S. Jamaica Agricultural Society

J.A.V.A. Jamaica Association of Villas and Apartments

J.A.W.A. Jamaica Amateur Weightlifting Association

J.B.M. Jamaica Bauxite Mines

J.B.U. Jamaica Baptist Union

J.B.S.S. Jamaica Burial Society Scheme

J.C.C.F. Jamaica Combined Cadet Force

J.C.D.C. Jamaica Cultural Development Commission

J.C.S.A. Jamaica Civil Service Association

J.D.B. Jamaica Development Bank

J.D.F. Jamaica Defence Force

J.D. Juris Doctor

J.E.A. Jamaica Exporters Association

J.E.C.I.C. Jamaica Export Credit Insurance Corporation

J.H.T.A. Jamaica Hotel and Tourist Association

J.I.A. Jamaica Institute of Architects

J.I.C. Joint Industrial Council

J.I.D.C. Jamaica Industrial Development Corporation

J.I.E. Jamaica Institution of Engineers

J.I.M. Jamaican Institute of Management

J.I.S. Jamaica Information Service

J.L.P. Jamaica Labour Party

J.M.A. Jamaica Manufacturers Association

J.N.E.C. Jamaica National Export Corporation

J.P. Justice of the Peace

J.R.C. Jamaica Railway Corporation

J.S.P.C.A. Jamaica Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

J.S.W.C. Jamaica Social Welfare Commission

J.T.A. Jamaica Teachers’ Association


K.C. King’s Counsel

Kt.C.V.O. Knight Commander of the Victorian Order

Kt.B. Knight Bachelor

Kt.St.J. Knight of the Order of St. John


L.D.S. Licence in Dental Surgery

L.E.C. Legal Education Certificate

LL.B Bachelor of Laws

LL.D. Doctor of Laws

L.M. Licentiate in Medicine/Licentiate in Midwifery

L.M.C.C. Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada

L.M.I. Licentiate in Midwifery (Ireland)

Lond. London

L.R.A.M. Licentiate of the Royal Academy of Music

L.R.C.P. Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians

L.R.C.P.I. Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians (Ireland)

L.R.C.S. Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons

L.R.C.S.I. Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons (Ireland)

L.R.S.M. Licentiate of the Royal School of Music

L.S.E. London School of Economics

L.T.C.L Licentiate of the Trinity College of Music, London

L.Th. Licentiate in Theology

L.U.A.C. Life Underwriters Association of Canada

L.U.A.J. Life Underwriters Association of Jamaica

L.V.O. Lt. Royal Victorian Order


M.A.A.P. Member American Academy of Periodontology

M.A.A.T Member of the Association of Accounting Technicians

M.A. Master of Arts

M.A.B.E. Master of Arts Biblical Education

M.A.I.Ch.E. Member of the America Institute of Chemical Engineers

M.A.I.D. Master of Arts in Law Diplomacy

M.A.S.C.E. Member of the Amalgamates Society of Civil Engineers

M.A.S.M.E. Member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

M.A.Sc. Master of Applied Science

M.A.S.S.E.Member of the American Society of Safety Engineers

M.A.W.W.A. Member of the American Water Works Association

M.B. Bachelor of Medicine

M.B.A. Master of Business Administration

M.B.B.S. Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery

M.B.E. Member of the British Empire

M.B.I.M. Member of the British Institute of Management

M.C.C. Maryleborne Cricket Club

M.Comm. Master of Commerce

M.Cons.E.J. Member Association of Consulting Engineers

M.C.S.P. Member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy

M.D. Doctor of Medicine

M.Div. Master of Divinity

M.Ed. Master Education

M.E.I.C. Member of the Engineering Institute of Canada

M.F. Mastery of Forestry

M.F.A. Master of Fine Arts

M.G.A.A. Managers and General Agents Association

M.G.I.C. Mortgage Guarantee Insurance Company

M.I.A.S. Member of the Institute of Aeronautical Scientists (America)

M.I.B.A. Member of the Intercontinental Biographical Association

M.I.C.E. Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers

M.I.E.E.E. Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

M.I.E.J. Member of the Institute of Industrial Engineers

M.I.G.A. Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

M.I.Ex. Member Institute of Export U.K.

M.I.I.S.M. Member of the International Institute of Safety Management

M.I.I.S.O.Member of the Institute of Industrial Safety Officers

M.I.Mech.E. Member of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers

M.I.P.R. Member of the Institute of Public Relations

M.I.S.E. Member of the Institution of Structural Engineers

M.I.Struct.E. Member of the Institution of Structural Engineers

M.I.T.A. Member of the International Therapist Association

M.J.A.E. Member of the Jamaica Association of Engineers

M.J.C.S. Member Jamaica Computer Society

M.J.I.E. Member of the Jamaican Institute of Engineers

M.J.I.M. Member of the Jamaica Institute of Management

M.L.C. Member of the Legislative Council

M.Mgt.I. Member of the Irish Management Institute

M.O. Medical Officer

M.O.H. Medical Officer of Health

M.O.T. Ministry of Transport

M.P. Member of Parliament

M.P.A. Master of Public Administration

M.P.H. Master of Public Health

M.Phil. Master of Philosophy

M.P.S. Member of the Pharmaceutical Society

M.P. Member of Parliament

M.R.C. Medical Research Council

M.R.C.O.G. Member of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

M.R.C.P.E. Member of the Royal College of Physicians Edinburgh

M.R.C.Psych. Member of the Royal College of Psychology

M.R.C.S. Member of the Royal College of Surgeons

M.R.C.V.C.Member of the Royal College ofVeterinary Surgeons

M.R.S.H. Member of the Royal Society

M.S. Master of Surgery

M.Sc. Master of Science

M.Sc.E. Master of Science in Engineering

M.S.F. Member of the Swedish Massage & Electrical Institute

M.S.M.E. Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering

M.S.R. Member of the Society of Radiographers

M.S.S. Master in Social Science

M.S.Th. Master of Sacred Theology

M.S.W. Master of Social Work

M.Th. Master of Theology

M.TS. Master of Theological Studies

M.U.P. Master in Urban Planning

M.V.O. Member of the Royal Victorian Order

M.V.Sc. Master of Veterinary Science


NACOLADS National Council on Libraries, Archives and Documentation Services

N.A.J. Nurses Association of Jamaica

N.C.A.A. National Collegiate Athletic Association

N.D.D. National Diploma in Design

N.D.T.C. National Dance Theatre Company

N.E.C. National Executive Council

N.F.P.B. National Family Planning Board

N.R.I. National Radio Institute

N.S.H.S. National Social Sciences Honours Society (Tigammemu U.S.A.)

N.U.D.T. National Union of Democratic Teachers


O.B.E. Officer of the Order of the British Empire

O.D. Officer of the Order of Distinction

O.D. Order of Distinction/Order of Distinction

O.J. Order of Jamaica

O.M. Order of Merit

O.N. Order of the Nation

O.N.C. Ordinary National Certificate

O.S.F. Order of St. Francis

O.St.J. Order of St. John


P.A.H.O. Pan American Health Organization

P.C. Privy Councillor

P.C.E. Professional Certificate in Education

P.D.G.W. Past District Grand Warden

P.D.G.P. Past District Grand Preceptor

P.Eng. Professional Engineer

P.G.C.E. Post Graduate Certificate in Education

Ph.C. Pharmaceutical Chemist

P.H.N. Public Health Nurse

P.N.P. People’s National Party

P.R.O. Public Relations Officer

P.S.O.J. Private Sector Organization

P.T.A. Parent Teachers’ Association

P.T.C. Practical Training Centre

P.T.I. Physical Training Instructor


Q.C. Queen’s Counsel

Q.P.M. Queen’s Police Medal

Q.U. Queensland University


R.A.C. Royal Automobile Club

R.A.F.A. Royal air Force Association

R.A.S.C/E.F.I. Royal Army Service Corps Expeditionary Force Institute

R.C.A. Radio College of America

R.C.N.V.R.Royal Canadian Naval VolunteerReserve

R.C.O.G. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

R.C.S.I. Royal College of Surgeons - Ireland

R.G.N. Registered General Nurse

R.M. Resident Magistrate/Registered Midwife

R.M.N. Registered Mental Nurse

R.N. Registered Nurse

R.N.R. Royal Navy Reserve

R.N.I.B. Royal National Institute for the Blind

R.S.M. Religious Sister of Mercy


S.B.St.J. Serving Brother of the Order of St. John

S.C.M. State Certified Midwife

S.C.Y.O. Study Conference of Youth Organization

S.G.I.G. Sovereign Grand Inspector

S.H.O. Senior Health Officer

S.J. Society of Jesus

S.L.M. Surgeons Licentiate in Midwifery

S.M.G. Senior Management Group

S.M.O. Senior Medical Officer

S/N Staff Nurse

S.R.N. State Registered Nurse

S.T.B. Bachelor of Sacred Theology

S.T.L. Licentiate in Sacred Theology


T.C.L. Trinity College London

T.D. Teachers’ Diploma

T.D.J.T.A. Teachers for a Democratic Jamaica Teachers Association

Toc. H. Talbot House

T.T. Trained Teacher

T.T.C. Teachers Training Certificate

T.T.D. Teacher Training Diploma


U.C.H. University College Hospital

U.C.H.W.I. University College Hospital of the West Indies

U.C.L. University College of London

U.C.L.A. University College of the West Indies

U.C.W.I. University College of the West Indies

U.K. United Kingdom

U.N.A.J. United Nations Association of Jamaica

U.N.C.T.A.D. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

U.N.E.S.C.O. United Nations Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization

U.S.A.I.D. United States Agency for International Development

U.T.C.W.I. United Theological College of the West Indies

U.W.I. University of West Indies


V.O.U.C.H. Voluntary Organization for the Upliftment of Children


W.A.Y. World Assembly of Youth

W.H.O. World Health Organization

W.H.R. Western Hemisphere Region

W.I.G.U.T. West Indies Group of University Teachers

W.P.J. Workers Party of Jamaica

W.V.S. Women’s Voluntary Service


Y.M.C.A. Young Men’s Christian Association

Y.W.C.A. Young Women’s Christian Association